The different types of CBD oil has rapidly become one of the most popular non-psychoactive compounds in the world. In fact, it has been shown to have a wide array of benefits that can support overall health and well-being. These benefits come from CBD’s interactions with other chemicals and molecules in the body called cannabinoids. Cannabinoids are unique to cannabis, and they offer a variety of benefits that are separate from cannabinoid effects from other plant species, such as hemp and sunflower.
Endocannabinoids and phytocannabinoids are two types of endogenous compounds found in various parts of the human body—endogenous means natural within the body and phyto means plant. They serve as neuromodulators, meaning they interact with cells through protein receptors located at strategic locations throughout the nervous system to either calm or excite them.
Endocannabinoids are known for their role as neuromodulators, which is why there is research showing that CBD interacts with endocannabinoid receptors found in many areas of the body, including the digestive system, immune system, central nervous system, skeletal muscle, liver and skin. The following article will explore the different types of cbd oil in further detail so you can understand how CBD oil works and what it can do for your health.
What is CBD Oil?
CBD oil is a substance that is extracted from cannabis plants. It’s made up of CBD and other cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, proteins, and carbohydrates. There is a lot of mystery around how CBD oil works, but it’s believed that it has anti-inflammatory properties and can inhibit a number of different enzymes linked to cancer and tumors.
The most abundant cannabinoids in the hemp plant are cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Both THC and CBD contain healing properties and are used to treat an array of medical conditions. There are many different types and brands of CBD-based products available online, and too many to list here.
CBD Oil is a resource for anyone looking to learn more about this mysterious supplement. The most important thing to remember is that CBD isn’t anything new, it has been around for thousands of years. CNN’s medical correspondent Doctor Sanjay Gupta hosted a epilepsy and seizures. It is only in recent years that it has become something of a “search term” due to increased interest in the topic.
Benefits of CBD Oil
CBD has been shown to reduce anxiety, ease stress, lower inflammation, improve sleep, and ease pain. It can be used to reduce seizures in children with epilepsy, manage chronic pain, and reduce inflammation in arthritis and other conditions. CBD oil has also been shown to help treat diabetes, lower blood sugar levels, and make the body less resistant to insulin. CBD oil may offer benefits for those with psoriasis, fibromyalgia, and other autoimmune disorders, as well. There is a growing amount of research showing that CBD oil can be used to reduce symptoms of these conditions, including autoimmune disorders like psoriasis, fibromyalgia, and Alzheimer’s disease.
Different Types of CBD Oil
If you have been shopping for CBD products, you may have noticed that some of them are marketed as “broad-spectrum,” “full-spectrum,” or “isolate.” Both newcomers and casual observers may struggle to make sense of these concepts. We’d be happy to explain the main distinctions between these terms and the proper way to utilize CBD oil. The video below only touches on the topic superficially, so let’s look into these concepts in greater detail.
Unlike CBD isolates, full-spectrum CBD retains a wide variety of plant compounds, including not just CBD but also terpenes, flavonoids, and other cannabinoids. Further, there is a trace amount of THC (less than 0.3%). (otherwise it would not be federally legal).
Medical records and patient surveys of people being treated with CBD for refractory epilepsy were analyzed for a 2018 study published in the journal Frontiers in Neurology. CBD-rich extracts seem to present a better therapeutic profile than purified CBD, at least in this population of patients with refractory epilepsy,” the researchers wrote.
The Entourage effect, in which CBD enhances the effects of other phytocompounds, is likely to be at the root of this variation, though this has yet to be confirmed in controlled clinical studies. Patients who were given full-spectrum CBD required significantly fewer daily doses than those who were given pure or isolated CBD, according to the study.
Broad-spectrum products belong in a category that is somewhere between full-spectrum and isolates. While all of the organic plant matter is processed, the THC molecules are isolated and thoroughly excluded. Those that use broad-spectrum products are able to experience the benefits from the entourage effect, because all of the other collaborating cannabinoids and terpenes remain included in the product.
To “isolate” CBD means to remove all other compounds from the plant and use only the CBD. Extensive molecular distillation from the original plant material leaves only CBD. Isolate is 99.9 percent pure CBD. Artificial terpenes and flavonoids are two examples of additives used to improve the product’s aroma, flavor, and texture. It should contain next to no other compounds if there are any at all.
Cannabinoids, what are they?
The cannabis plant naturally produces chemical compounds called cannabinoids. There are between 150 and 200 different cannabinoids in cannabis, with THC and CBD being the most well-known and widely used. Cannabigerol (CBG), Cannabinol (CBN), and Cannabichromene (CBC) are just a few of the many cannabinoids discovered as cannabis research progresses (CBC). Natural cannabinoids like these may play a significant role in the human body’s endocannabinoid system, a system that has only recently come into the spotlight and is only now beginning to be fully understood.
Physiological Role of Cannabinoids
Maybe you’ve never heard of the endocannabinoid system before, but it’s actually one of the oldest biological systems in the human body. We have this elaborate system built in to our bodies that regulates a wide range of internal functions. Simply put, the ECS is a network of cannabinoid receptors found all over the body.
Functions like mood, memory, fertility, appetite, hormones, and reactions to pain or stress are all under the purview of the endocannabinoid system. Our bodies’ homeostasis, or internal equilibrium, is maintained in large part by the ECS.
Cannabinoids in cannabis were the impetus for identifying the endocannabinoid system. According to Dr. Bradley E. Alger’s 2013 paper published in Cerebrum, “since the time that exogenous cannabinoids revealed their existence, the entire natural complex came to be called the ‘endogenous cannabinoid system,’ or ‘endocannabinoid system,'” or ECS for short.
To rephrase, endocannabinoids refer to the cannabinoids that are produced naturally within the body. Neurotransmitters called endocannabinoids interact with the ECS’s cannabinoid receptors.
Cannabinoid Interactions with the Endocannabinoid System
On the other hand, we have a response to external cannabinoids like those found in cannabis. Phytocannabinoids, from the Greek phytos (“plant”) and cannabinoids (“cannabinoids”). Cannabinoids are the keys that open the feedback lock that is our receptors.
In the ECS, CB1 and CB2 are the only known receptors. Both are widely distributed throughout the body, with a higher concentration of CB2 receptors in the organs and immune system and a higher concentration of CB1 receptors in the brain and nervous system. Both classes of receptors play critical roles in maintaining homeostasis in the body’s immune and nervous systems.
Cannabinoid receptors may form chemical bonds with one another, and cannabinoids interact with the adenosine, opioid, serotonin, and dopamine receptor families. As more studies are conducted, we will gain a deeper understanding of the other receptors in our bodies and the roles they play.
THC CBD vs. CBD from Hemp
The intoxicating, euphoric effects of 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) THC, the cannabinoid responsible for marijuana’s “impairment,” are well known. The molecular structure of THC is extremely similar to that of endogenous neurotransmitters.
While both hemp and cannabis come from the same plant species, the difference between the two is that hemp is legal on a federal level and contains less than 0.3% THC, making it non-psychoactive. Hemp generally refers to cannabis strains with negligible levels of the psychoactive compound THC. Hemp, in contrast to cannabis, is used for a variety of industrial purposes, including but not limited to the creation of paper, building materials, skincare products, food, and clothing.
CBD oil is one of the fastest-growing and most exciting areas of the natural health world. New research is showing that it can help with a wide range of health problems. Cannabidiol, or CBD, is one of the most common cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant.
There are countless reports online about how CBD has helped children, adults, cancer patients, people with epilepsy, and many others. There are also many products on the market that contain CBD, ranging from oils to capsules and pet treats.
Suffice it to say that CBD is one of the most vital and important compounds in the cannabis plant.